Lesson 4: History of Our Community

Take a trip back in time and learn what life was like in our community when the first pioneers came to the Deerfield area to live in the late 1800s. Play games, make your own log cabin, and see pictures of kids who lived in Deerfield over 100 years ago!

  • Understand the difference between fiction and non-fiction
  • Use prior knowledge to comprehend information
  • Develop concept of self, family, school and community
  • Develop safe movement in physical activities
  • Demonstrate control through games, dance and physical activities
  • Explore and experiment with different art mediums and strengthen fine motor skills
  • Develop the ability to listen with discrimination
  • Communicate information and ideas to multiple audiences using a variety of media and formats
  • Interact, collaborate and publish with peers
  • Practice safe, legal, and responsible use of information and technology
  • Exhibit a positive attitude toward technology that supports collaboration, learning, and productivity

Preparatory Activity: Deerfield Historic Village

In this video we visit the Historic Village in Deerfield, which is on property right next to our school. We see the Casper Ott cabin, which is the oldest building in the county, the Little Red Schoolhouse, and take a trip to the local cemetery and learn about one of our community's earliest pioneers.

Informational Activity: Deerfield Area History

See historic images of Deerfield in this eBook, History of Our Community. As you read the book, discuss how our community has changed over time. Many things have changed? Is anything the same?

Teachers, click on the image and the book will open in a new window. Watch “as is” or click on “view large” in the menu bar below the book viewer. Click on the arrow or page corner to view the next page.

Informational Activity: Transportation Helps Communities Grow

Watch these History Channel videos to learn how transportation has helped communities grow. Teachers, check out the lesson plans page for tips on making the video player size bigger.

Informational Video: Deerfields Bakery – Family Baking Since 1886

Have you ever been to Deerfields Bakery? Deerfields Bakery has been in our community since 1972, but the family has been in the baking business since 1886. That's just about the same amount of time that people have lived in this area. Watch the movie as your teacher reads the information on the screen.

Application Activity: Build a Log Cabin

Build your own log cabin. Find nice sturdy logs (or maybe some brown construction paper), then cut off the back and trim them to size (or cut the brown paper into strips). Start at the bottom and work your way up. Don't forget the windows and doors!

Teachers, additional ideas and tips can be found at http://kinderart.com/across/logcabin.shtml

Application Activity: Children's Games

Can you jump rope? Visit the Dalles Web site to learn games that pioneer children played in our community. Have you played any of these games before? Where did you learn them? Have you seen other children play games like these? Which games are your favorite? You might be surprised to see how many of them you know!

Jumping Rope first became popular at about the time settlers came to Deerfield. Many boys liked to count to see how many times they could jump without missing, and many girls like to jump to rhymes. Can you jump rope and count at the same time? Visit this Web site to learn jump rope rhymes: http://www.gameskidsplay.net/jump_rope_ryhmes/index.htm

Closure Activity: Children in the Community

Watch and listen to learn about what life was like for children in the early days of our community:
  1. Watch this video to see kindergarten children playing at school - Kindergarten Ball Game
    Note for Teacher: Click MEPG format and when movie is playing, right click to download as QuickTime movie. This will allow you to watch the movie in a larger viewer.
  2. Listen to this song to hear what it was like to go to school in a Little Red Schoolhouse (just like the one next to our school).
    Song:    In the Little Red Schoolhouse, by Billy Jones and Ernest Hare
    (Click “PLAY” button then down arrow on Jukebox - the song is on the second screen.)

Review Activity: Visit the Historic Village

Take a walking tour of the Historic Village that is just across the parking lot from Kipling School. As you visit each location, tell your teacher, buddy, or a classmate something you have learned about our community. Do you have a favorite book about Communities? Bring it along and read it again. Bring along jump ropes and other games that children played in the early days of our community as you visit the Historic Village and talk about all the things you learned in the Communities Unit.